AskDefine | Define reckon

Dictionary Definition

reckon

Verb

1 expect, believe, or suppose; "I imagine she earned a lot of money with her new novel"; "I thought to find her in a bad state"; "he didn't think to find her in the kitchen"; "I guess she is angry at me for standing her up" [syn: think, opine, suppose, imagine, guess]
2 judge to be probable [syn: calculate, estimate, count on, figure, forecast]
3 deem to be; "She views this quite differently from me"; "I consider her to be shallow"; "I don't see the situation quite as negatively as you do" [syn: see, consider, view, regard]
4 make a mathematical calculation or computation [syn: calculate, cipher, cypher, compute, work out, figure]
5 have faith or confidence in; "you can count on me to help you any time"; "Look to your friends for support"; "You can bet on that!"; "Depend on your family in times of crisis" [syn: count, bet, depend, look, calculate]
6 take account of; "You have to reckon with our opponents"; "Count on the monsoon" [syn: count]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

etyl ang rekenen, gerecenian; akin to Dutch rekenen, German rechnen, Old High German rahnjan, and to English reck, rake; the original sense probably being, to bring together, count together. See reck.

Pronunciation

Verb

  1. To count; to enumerate; to number; also, to compute; to calculate.
    The priest shall reckon to him the money according to the years that remain. Lev. xxvii. 18.
    I reckoned above two hundred and fifty on the outside of the church. Addison.
  2. To count as in a number, rank, or series; to estimate by rank or quality; to place by estimation; to account; to esteem; to repute.
    He was reckoned among the transgressors. Luke xxii. 37.
    For him I reckon not in high estate. Milton.
  3. To charge, attribute, or adjudge to one, as having a certain quality or value.
    Faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. Rom. iv. 9.
    Without her eccentricities being reckoned to her for a crime. Hawthorne.
  4. To conclude, as by an enumeration and balancing of chances; hence, to think; to suppose; -- followed by an objective clause;
    I reckon he won't try that again.
  5. To make an enumeration or computation; to engage in numbering or computing.
  6. To come to an accounting; to make up accounts; to settle; to examine and strike the balance of debt and credit; to adjust relations of desert or penalty.
    Parfay," sayst thou, sometime he reckon shall." Chaucer.

Translations

to suppose

See also

References

Extensive Definition

Counting sometimes involves numbers other than one; for example, when counting money, counting out change, when "counting by twos" (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12…) or when "counting by fives" (5, 10, 15, 20, 25…).
There is archeological evidence suggesting that humans have been counting for at least 50,000 years. Counting was primarily used by ancient cultures to keep track of economic data such as debts and capital (i.e., accountancy). The development of counting led to the development of mathematical notation and numeral systems.

Forms

Counting can occur in a variety of forms.
Counting can be verbal; that is, speaking every number out loud (or mentally) to keep track of progress. This is often used to count objects that are present already, instead of counting a variety of things over time.
Counting can also be in the form of tally marks, making a mark for each number and then counting all of the marks when done tallying. This is useful when counting objects over time, such as the number of times something occurs during the course of a day.
Counting can also be in the form of finger counting, especially when counting small numbers. This is often used by children to facilitate counting and simple mathematical operations. The most naive finger-counting uses unary notation (one finger = one unit) , and is thus limited to counting 10. Other hand-gesture systems are also in use, for example the Chinese system by which one can count 10 using only gestures of one hand. By using finger binary (base 2 place-value notation), it is possible to keep a finger count up to 1023 = 210 - 1.
Various devices can also be used to facilitate counting, such as hand tally counters and abacuses.

Inclusive counting

Inclusive counting is usually encountered when counting days in a calendar. Normally when counting 8 days from Sunday, Monday will be day 1, Tuesday day 2, and the following Monday will be the eighth day. When counting inclusively, the Sunday (the start day) will be day 1 and therefore the following Sunday will be the eighth day. For example, the French word for fortnight is quinze jours (15 days), and similar words are present in Greek (δεκαπενθήμερο) and Spanish (quincena). This practice appears in other calendars as well; in the Roman calendar the nones (meaning nine) is 8 days before the ides; and in the Christian calendar Quinquagesima (meaning 50) is 49 days before Easter Sunday.
The Jewish people also counted inclusively. For instance, Jesus announced he would die and resurrect "on the third day," i.e. two days later. Scholars most commonly place his crucifixion on a Friday afternoon and his resurrection on Sunday before sunrise, spanning three different days but a period of around 36-40 hours.
Musical terminology also uses inclusive counting of interval between notes of the standard scale: going up one note is a second interval, going up two notes is a third interval, etc., and going up seven notes is an octave.

Psychology

By age 3, most children acquire the ability to count, and the majority of 3 year olds can count up to 10 objects correctly. Children eventually come to understand the following 5 counting principles:
  1. One-to-one correspondence: Each object must be labeled by a single number word.
  2. Stable order: The number should always be recited in the same order.
  3. Cardinality: The number of objects in the set is equal to the last number stated.
  4. Order irrelevance: Objects can be counted left to right, right to left, or in any order.
  5. Abstraction: Any set of discrete objects can be counted.

See also

References

External links

reckon in Catalan: Comptar
reckon in Cebuano: Ihap
reckon in German: Zählen
reckon in French: Compte
reckon in Hebrew: מנייה
reckon in Dutch: Tellen
reckon in Simple English: Counting
reckon in Swedish: Räknande
reckon in Thai: การนับ
reckon in Volapük: Numam
reckon in Chinese: 計數

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

account, account as, account for, add, add up, algebraize, appraise, appreciate, approximate, assess, assume, attend to, bank on, be afraid, bear in mind, believe, calculate, call, cast, cipher, class, compute, conceive, conclude, conjecture, consider, contemplate, count, count on, daresay, deal with, deduce, deem, depend on, divide, divine, dope out, dream, enumerate, esteem, estimate, evaluate, expect, extract roots, fancy, feel, figure, figure in, figure out, figure up, foot, form an estimate, gather, gauge, give an appreciation, grant, guess, handle, have a hunch, have an idea, have an impression, have an inkling, have the idea, hold, hold as, imagine, include, infer, judge, lean on, let, let be, list, look after, look upon, look upon as, maintain, make an estimation, mark, measure, multiply, name, number, opine, pay attention to, place, prefigure, presume, presuppose, presurmise, prize, provisionally accept, put, rank, rate, reckon up, reckon with, regard, rely on, remember, repute, say, score, see to, set down as, settle accounts with, subtract, sum, sum up, suppose, surmise, suspect, take, take account of, take care of, take for, take for granted, take into account, take into consideration, take it, take to be, tally, tally up, think, think about, think of, total, total up, trow, trust in, understand, valuate, value, venture, view, view as, ween, work out, work up
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