# Dictionary Definition

reckon

### Verb

1 expect, believe, or suppose; "I imagine she
earned a lot of money with her new novel"; "I thought to find her
in a bad state"; "he didn't think to find her in the kitchen"; "I
guess she is angry at me for standing her up" [syn: think, opine, suppose, imagine, guess]

3 deem to be; "She views this quite differently
from me"; "I consider her to be shallow"; "I don't see the
situation quite as negatively as you do" [syn: see, consider, view, regard]

4 make a mathematical calculation or computation
[syn: calculate,
cipher, cypher, compute, work out,
figure]

5 have faith or confidence in; "you can count on
me to help you any time"; "Look to your friends for support"; "You
can bet on that!"; "Depend on your family in times of crisis" [syn:
count, bet, depend, look, calculate]

6 take account of; "You have to reckon with our
opponents"; "Count on the monsoon" [syn: count]

# User Contributed Dictionary

## English

### Etymology

etyl ang rekenen, gerecenian; akin to Dutch rekenen, German rechnen, Old High German rahnjan, and to English reck, rake; the original sense probably being, to bring together, count together. See reck.### Pronunciation

- Rhymes: -ɛkən

### Verb

- To count; to enumerate; to number; also, to compute; to
calculate.
- The priest shall reckon to him the money according to the years that remain. Lev. xxvii. 18.
- I reckoned above two hundred and fifty on the outside of the church. Addison.

- To count as in a number, rank, or series; to estimate by rank
or quality; to place by estimation; to account; to esteem; to
repute.
- He was reckoned among the transgressors. Luke xxii. 37.
- For him I reckon not in high estate. Milton.

- To charge, attribute, or adjudge to one, as having a certain
quality or value.
- Faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. Rom. iv. 9.
- Without her eccentricities being reckoned to her for a crime. Hawthorne.

- To conclude, as by an enumeration and balancing of chances;
hence, to think; to suppose; -- followed by an objective clause;
- I reckon he won't try that again.

- To make an enumeration or computation; to engage in numbering or computing.
- To come to an accounting; to make up accounts; to settle; to examine and strike the
balance of debt and credit; to adjust relations of desert or
penalty.
- Parfay," sayst thou, sometime he reckon shall." Chaucer.

#### Derived terms

#### Translations

to suppose

- Dutch: veronderstellen
- Spanish: suponer

to count

- Dutch: rekenen tot
- Korean: 헤아리다 hearida
- Nahuatl: tlapoalli

### References

# Extensive Definition

Counting sometimes involves numbers other than
one; for example, when counting money, counting out change, when
"counting by twos" (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12…) or when "counting by
fives" (5, 10, 15, 20, 25…).

There is archeological evidence suggesting that
humans have been counting for at least 50,000 years. Counting was
primarily used by ancient cultures to keep track of economic data
such as debts and capital (i.e., accountancy). The
development of counting led to the development of mathematical
notation and numeral
systems.

## Forms

Counting can occur in a variety of forms.Counting can be verbal; that is, speaking every
number out loud (or mentally) to keep track of progress. This is
often used to count objects that are present already, instead of
counting a variety of things over time.

Counting can also be in the form of tally marks,
making a mark for each number and then counting all of the marks
when done tallying. This is useful when counting objects over time,
such as the number of times something occurs during the course of a
day.

Counting can also be in the form of finger
counting, especially when counting small numbers. This is often
used by children to facilitate counting and simple mathematical
operations. The most naive finger-counting uses unary notation (one
finger = one unit) , and is thus limited to counting 10. Other
hand-gesture systems are also in use, for example the Chinese
system by which one can count 10 using only gestures of one hand.
By using finger
binary (base 2 place-value notation), it is possible to keep a
finger count up to 1023 = 210 - 1.

Various devices can also be used to facilitate
counting, such as hand tally counters and abacuses.

## Inclusive counting

Inclusive counting is usually encountered when
counting days in a calendar. Normally when counting 8 days from
Sunday, Monday will be day 1, Tuesday day 2, and the following
Monday will be the eighth day. When counting inclusively, the
Sunday (the start day) will be day 1 and therefore the following
Sunday will be the eighth day. For example, the French word for
fortnight is quinze jours (15 days), and similar words are present
in Greek (δεκαπενθήμερο) and Spanish (quincena). This practice
appears in other calendars as well; in the Roman calendar the nones
(meaning nine) is 8 days before the ides; and in the Christian
calendar Quinquagesima
(meaning 50) is 49 days before Easter Sunday.

The Jewish people also counted inclusively. For
instance, Jesus announced he
would
die and resurrect "on the third day," i.e. two days later.
Scholars most commonly place his crucifixion on a Friday afternoon
and his resurrection on Sunday before sunrise, spanning three
different days but a period of around 36-40 hours.

Musical terminology also uses inclusive counting
of interval
between notes of the standard scale: going up one note is a second
interval, going up two notes is a third interval, etc., and going
up seven notes is an octave.

## Psychology

By age 3, most children acquire the ability to count, and the majority of 3 year olds can count up to 10 objects correctly. Children eventually come to understand the following 5 counting principles:- One-to-one correspondence: Each object must be labeled by a single number word.
- Stable order: The number should always be recited in the same order.
- Cardinality: The number of objects in the set is equal to the last number stated.
- Order irrelevance: Objects can be counted left to right, right to left, or in any order.
- Abstraction: Any set of discrete objects can be counted.

## See also

reckon in Catalan: Comptar

reckon in Cebuano: Ihap

reckon in German: Zählen

reckon in French: Compte

reckon in Hebrew: מנייה

reckon in Dutch: Tellen

reckon in Simple English: Counting

reckon in Swedish: Räknande

reckon in Thai: การนับ

reckon in Volapük: Numam

reckon in Chinese: 計數

# Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

account, account as, account
for, add, add up, algebraize, appraise, appreciate, approximate, assess, assume, attend to, bank on, be
afraid, bear in mind, believe, calculate, call, cast, cipher, class, compute, conceive, conclude, conjecture, consider, contemplate, count, count on, daresay, deal with, deduce, deem, depend on, divide, divine, dope out, dream, enumerate, esteem, estimate, evaluate, expect, extract roots, fancy, feel, figure, figure in, figure out,
figure up, foot, form an
estimate, gather,
gauge, give an
appreciation, grant,
guess, handle, have a hunch, have an
idea, have an impression, have an inkling, have the idea, hold, hold as, imagine, include, infer, judge, lean on, let, let be, list, look after, look upon, look
upon as, maintain, make
an estimation, mark,
measure, multiply, name, number, opine, pay attention to, place, prefigure, presume, presuppose, presurmise, prize, provisionally accept,
put, rank, rate, reckon up, reckon with,
regard, rely on, remember, repute, say, score, see to, set down as, settle
accounts with, subtract, sum, sum up, suppose, surmise, suspect, take, take account of, take care
of, take for, take for granted, take into account, take into
consideration, take it, take to be, tally, tally up, think, think about, think of,
total, total up, trow, trust in, understand, valuate, value, venture, view, view as, ween, work out, work up